- Neurotoxins defined are an extensive class of exogenous chemicals agents that are known to be poisonous, destructive, and sometimes lethal to nerve tissue (causing nerve paralysis).
- Research scientists were able to harness one chemical protein that normally would be adverse to humans when prolonged exposure occurs, the Botulinum toxin (BTX). The bacterium Clostridium botulinum and related species of bacteria produce a neurotoxic protein.
- Flaccid paralysis is caused by the protein and prevents the release of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine from axon endings at the neuromuscular junction.
- For Cosmetic effects the botulism molecule has weakened tremendously (attenuated) and used in minute amounts in facial aesthetics and other neurological problems has changed the lives of millions.
- The toxin does weaken the muscles that cause wrinkles of the face by paralysis of the neuron to the muscle.
- Botox is well tolerated and has been used for over 2+ decades. And now there are variations sold such as Xeomin.